The Appeals Chamber, applying general principles of construction enshrined in Article 31(1) of the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, concluded that, “unlike other international criminal tribunals,” the STL will only apply Lebanese law as interpreted by Lebanese courts. The Tribunal will sway from this mandate only if “such interpretation or application appears to be unreasonable, might result in manifest injustice, or appears not to be consonant with international principles and rules binding upon Lebanon.”
After determining the applicable law, the Tribunal went on to discuss specific crimes and the elements that must be established under Lebanese law to convict. In this exercise, the Tribunal explained the current status of Lebanese law with respect to specific crimes, including terrorism, homicide, and conspiracy.