21 juin 2014

OUVRAGE : C. Walter, A. von Ungern-Sternberg, K. Abushov (eds.), Self-Determination and Secession in International Law

Catherine MAIA

Peoples and minorities in many parts of the world assert a right to self-determination, autonomy, and even secession from a state, which naturally conflicts with that state's sovereignty and territorial integrity. The right of a people to self-determination and secession has existed as a concept within international law since the American Declaration of Independence in 1776, but the exact definition of these concepts, and the conditions required for their application, remain unclear. The Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice concerning the Declaration of Independency of Kosovo (2010), which held that the Kosovo declaration of independence was not in violation of international law, has only led to further questions. 

This book takes four conflicts in the post-Soviet Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) as a starting point for examining the current state of the law of self-determination and secession. Four entities, Transnistria (Moldova), South Ossetia, Abkhazia (both Georgia), and Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijan), claim to be entitled not only to self-determination but also to secession from their mother state. For this entitlement they rely on historic affiliations, and on charges of discrimination and massive human rights violations committed by their mother state. This book sets out its analysis of these critical issue in three parts, providing a detailed understanding of the principles of international law on which they rely: The first part sets out the contours and meaning of self-determination and secession, including an overall assessment of secession within the Commonwealth of Independent States. The second section provides case studies investigating the events in Transnistria, South Ossetia, Abkhazia, and Nagorno-Karabach in greater detail. The third and final section extends the scope of the examination, providing a comparative analysis of similar conflicts involving questions of self-determination and secession in Kosovo, Western Sahara, and Eritrea.


1: Christian Walter, Antje von Ungern-Sternberg, Kavus Abushov: Introduction

Part I: General Issues of Self-Determination and Secession
2: Joshua Castellino: International Law and Self-determination: Peoples, Minorities, and Indigenous Peoples
3: Stefan Oeter: The Role of Recognition and Non-Recognition with Regard to Secession
4: Antonello Tancredi: Secession and Use of Force
5: Anne Peters: The Principle of "Uti Possidetis Juris": How Relevant Is It for Issues of Secession?
6: Christian Walter: Recent Developments: The Kosovo Advisory Opinion: What It Says and What It Does Not Say
7: Thomas Burri: Secession in the CIS: Causes, Consequences, and Emerging Principles

Part II: Case Studies from the Commonwealth of Independent States
8: Bill Bowring: Transnistria
9: Christopher Waters: South Ossetia
10: Farhad Mirzayev: Abkhazia
11: Heiko Krüger: Nagorno-Karabach

Part III: Comparative Studies
12: James Summers: Kosovo
13: Sven Simon: Western Sahara
14: Gregory Fox: Eritrea

Self-Determination and Secession in International Law

Christian WALTER, Antje von UNGERN-STERNBERG, Kavus ABUSHOV (eds.), Self-Determination and Secession in International Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press,  2014 (336 pp.)

Christian Walter is Professor of Law at the Ludwig-Maximilian-Universität, Munich. Previously, he worked as a research fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and Public International Law, Heidelberg, clerked at the German Federal Constitutional Court, and was as a professor of law at the Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena and at the Westfälische-Wilhelms-Universität, Münster. His research focuses on general questions of Public International Law, Comparative Law, and Law and Religion.
Antje von Ungern-Sternberg is Lecturer of Law at the Ludwig-Maximilian-Universität, Munich. After graduating in law and history, she worked as an academic assistant at the Westfälische-Wilhelms-Universität, Münster, and clerked at the German Federal Constitutional Court. Her research interests include general questions of Public International Law, Comparative Law, and Law and Religion.
Kavus Abushov is Assistant Professor of Political Science, Azerbaijan Diplomatic Academy, Baku. He received his PhD in political science from the Westfälische-Wilhelms-Universität, Münster. He has taught at the University of Münster and held guest lectures at Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, MIT, University of Toulouse, and the Geneva Centre for Security Policy. His research interests include international relations theory and foreign policy analysis, international relations, and transition processes of the post-Soviet space.
Bill Bowring - University of London
Thomas Burri - University of Saint Gallen
Joshua Castellino - Middlesex University
Gregory Fox - Wayne State University
Heiko Krüger - University of Berlin
Farhad Mirzayev - University of Leicester
Stefan Oeter - University of Hamburg
Anne Peters - University of Basel
Sven Simon - Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
James Summers - Lancaster University
Antonello Tancredi - University of Palermo
Christopher Waters - University of Windsor


Aucun commentaire :

Enregistrer un commentaire