1 septembre 2017

OUVRAGE : C. Chinkin, M. Kaldor, International Law and New Wars

Christine CHINKIN, Mary KALDOR

International Law and New Wars examines how international law fails to address the contemporary experience of what are known as 'new wars' - instances of armed conflict and violence in places such as Syria, Ukraine, Libya, Mali, the Democratic Republic of Congo and South Sudan. International law, largely constructed in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, rests to a great extent on the outmoded concept of war drawn from European experience - inter-state clashes involving battles between regular and identifiable armed forces. The book shows how different approaches are associated with different interpretations of international law, and, in some cases, this has dangerously weakened the legal restraints on war established after 1945. It puts forward a practical case for what it defines as second generation human security and the implications this carries for international law.


Foreword by Javier Solana
List of Abbreviations 
1. Introduction 
1.1. Introduction
1.2. New Wars
1.3. Legality and Legitimacy
1.4. Models of Security
1.5. Plan of the Book  
2. Sovereignty and the Authority to Use Force  
2.1. Introduction
2.2. The Changing Nature of Sovereignty
2.3. Right Authority and the Legitimate Use of Force
2.4. Alternative Conceptions of World Order and the Transformation of Sovereignty
2.5. Conclusion  
3. The Relevance of International Law  
3.1. Introduction
3.2. Theories of Compliance
3.3. Institutions and Networks
3.4. Processes for Implementation and Enforcement
3.5. Conclusion: Continuing Questions  

4. Self-Defence as a Justification for War: The Geo-Political and War on Terror Models  
4.1. Introduction
4.2. Background: From Just War to the UN Charter
4.3. Conditions for Self-Defence
4.4. Armed Attack by or against Whom?
4.5. Reinterpreting the Right to Self-Defence
4.6. Conclusion 
5. The Humanitarian Model for Recourse to Force 
5.1. Introduction
5.2. Humanitarian Intervention
5.3. The Responsibility to Protect
5.4. The Responsibility to Protect/Humanitarian Intervention: Does It Uphold Humanitarian Norms?
5.5. Conclusion 
6. How Force Is Used 
6.1. Introduction
6.2. The Jus in Bello Tradition
6.3. Codification of International Humanitarian Law: Geneva and Hague Law
6.4. The Basic Principles of IHL
6.5. The Challenges of IHL
6.6. Human Rights Law and IHL as Complementary Regimes
6.7. Conclusion 
7. Weapons 
7.1. Introduction
7.2. The International Legal Regulation of Weapons
7.3. Arms Control
7.4. Humanitarian Regulation of Weapons
7.5. Disarmament
7.6. Conclusion 

8. ‘Post-Conflict’ and Governance 
8.1. Introduction
8.2. Jus Post Bellum: What Constitutes Post-Conflict?
8.3. Military Occupation
8.4. International Territorial Administration
8.5. Local Rule with International Presence
8.6. Gender Relations and Post-Conflict Governance
8.7. Conclusion 
9. The Liberal Peace: Peacemaking, Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding 
9.1. Introduction
9.2. Peacemaking
9.3. Peacekeeping
9.4. Peacebuilding
9.5. Conclusion 
10. Justice and Accountability 
10.1. Introduction
10.2. Transitional Justice
10.3. Immunity of International Personnel
10.4. Conclusion 

11. Second-Generation Human Security 
11.1. Introduction
11.2. The Evolution of the Concept of Human Security
11.3. The Scope of Human Security
11.4. Human Security and Gender
11.5. Shifting Contexts and Manifestations of Human Security
11.6. The Critiques of Human Security
11.7. Reconstructing Human Security
11.8. Conclusion 
12. What Does Human Security Require of International Law? 
12.1. Introduction: The Aim of the Book
12.2. International Law as a Contested Discipline
12.3. Overview of Conclusions Relevant to Human Security
12.4. Closing the Gap between Legality and Legitimacy?
12.5. Conclusion

Christine CHINKIN, Mary KALDOR, International Law and New Wars, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2017 (608 pp.)

Christine Chinkin, London School of Economics and Political Science
Christine Chinkin is Emerita Professor of International Law and Director of the Centre for Women, Peace and Security at the London School of Economics and Political Science, and William Cook overseas faculty member of the University of Michigan Law School. She is a leading expert on international law and human rights law, especially the international human rights of women.

Mary Kaldor, London School of Economics and Political Science
Mary Kaldor is Professor of Global Governance and Director of the Civil Society and Human Security Research Unit at the London School of Economics and Political Science, and CEO of the DFID-funded Justice and Security Research Programme. Her areas of research include European security, global civil society, new wars and human security.

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